**Eighth grade transformations** in mathematics cover essential concepts of geometric transformations, including translations, reflections, rotations, and dilations. This comprehensive guide explores these transformations, their properties, and applications in the coordinate plane, as well as the concepts of congruence and similarity.

• Translations involve sliding figures without rotation

• Reflections create mirror images across a line of reflection

• Rotations turn figures around a center point

• Dilations change the size of figures while preserving shape

• Congruent figures have the same size and shape

• Similar figures have the same shape but may differ in size